Residential Dwelling Safety
Contact: Pullman Building Inspector at 509-338-3287 for building code violations or Pullman Fire Department at 509-338-3274 for fire code violations.
This is a general safety checklist for houses or apartments. The list is not all inclusive but is based on a current edition of the Washington State Building Code. The building code requires a building to comply with the codes in effect at the time it was built. The actual rules for the building you live in may be different than this list; that is if your building was built in the 1960s the building should comply with the codes in effect at that time which may not be the same as the codes for building today. If you believe there is an unsafe condition in your house or apartment contact the building owner, their agent, the city building inspector, or the city fire inspector.
One bedroom(s), living room and dining room in an apartment should have openings to the outside to provide fresh air. This could be a door, window or a mechanical ventilation system.
- All electrical boxes should have a cover over the wires.
- When you use an electrical outlet or switch it should not spark or shock you.
- The pipes used to vent the products of combustion (smoke) from the furnace or water heater should have tight joints.
- Fuel burning furnaces or water heaters need oxygen for combustion to take place. An excellent source of oxygen is the air in a building. The room housing these appliances should be large enough to supply the needed air, have openings into a large room, have openings to the outside of the building, or have air piped directly into the appliance.
- Fuel burning furnaces or water heaters should not be located in bedrooms or bathrooms.
- Fuel burning furnaces or water heaters should not be accessed from bedrooms or bathrooms.
- Furnaces, wall heaters, room heaters, woodstoves, gas stoves, and water heaters are required to have a clear space from walls or ceilings. The required clear space is often on a label on the side of the appliance. If there is not a label, you may check with the building inspector or fire inspector for the required clearance.
- All apartments are required to have a door opening into a hallway or the outside. Generally a dwelling or apartment is only required to have one exit.
- The support walls and posts should be plumb and straight.
- The beams supporting the floors or roofs should be level and straight.
- Bedrooms should have a window for occupants to escape or be rescued if the need arises.
- Bedrooms, living rooms and dining rooms should have windows to provide natural light.
- Each house or apartment should have a kitchen with a sink and cooking appliance.
- Each house or apartment should have a separate bathroom containing a toilet, lavatory, tub or shower.
- The sink, lavatory, and tub or shower should have hot water.
- The roof and walls should not leak water.
- A door should separate the kitchen from the toilet room.
- An address number or letter should be on each unit.
- Each house or apartment should have a heating system.
- The area outside of each bedroom should have a smoke detector.